Important Essay Topics For Xat 2013

XAT Syllabus 2018 - XLRI Jamshedpur, the conducting body does not release any official syllabus of XAT 2018. But based on the previous years' question papers and analysis, aspirants were given an idea about XAT syllabus 2018. The sections which are covered under XAT syllabus include Verbal & Logical Ability, Decision Making and Quantitative Ability & Data Interpretation along with General Knowledge. According to the exam pattern, XAT is a computer-based test carrying a mix of objective and subjective type questions. XAT 2018 was divided into two parts. Part 1 was of 170 minutes duration and Part 2 was of 30 minutes. While Part 1 consisted of only objective type questions, Part 2 was a mix of objective and subjective questions. This article brings to you the XAT 2018 syllabus in detail in terms of sections.

 

Before moving to the detailed XAT syllabus 2018, let us take a look at the XAT exam pattern.

 

XAT Exam Pattern

Paper

Section Name

No. Of Questions

Duration (minutes)

Paper 1

Verbal and Logical Ability

24

170

Decision Making

21

Quantitative Ability and Data Interpretation

27

Paper 2

General Knowledge

25

40

Essay Writing

1 essay

Marking Scheme

 

In XAT exam, each question carries one mark and for each wrong answer, there is negative marking of 1/4 marks. After 12 unattempted questions, a negative marking of 0.05 marks for each unattempted question applies.

 

XAT 2018 Syllabus – Section wise

 

Now we will bring to you the important topics from each section which are a must to prepare based on previous years’ analysis.

 

XAT Syllabus - Verbal and Logical Ability

 

The topics which were covered under this section include the following:

 

Verbal & Logical Ability

Reading Comprehension

Fill in the blanks

Pronunciation

Vocabulary

Critical Reasoning/Inference

Para Completion

Analogy based on vocabulary

Para Jumble

Paragraph Formation Questions

Sentence correction

Cloze test

Grammar

Poem, etc.

  

 

Verbal Ability section was given the second highest weightage in XAT 2017 paper with 24 out of 72 questions. The sectional difficulty level was moderate to tough.

 

XAT Syllabus - Decision Making

 

Decision Making is an exclusive section for XAT. The questions come in the form of caselets. Generally a particular situation and problem is given and the test takers are asked to choose the ideal solution from the options. The topics to prepare for are:

 

Decision Making

Arithmetic

Analytical Reasoning

Situational, etc.

 

 

According to XAT analysis of last year, Decision Making was the trickiest section and carried around 30 per cent of the questions.

 

XAT Syllabus - Quantitative Ability and Data Interpretation (QA & DI)

 

This section carries the highest weightage. The topics which must be prepared in order to score high in QA & DI section are:

 

Arithmetic

Equations

Time & Distance

Percentage

Time & Work, etc.

Profit & Loss

 

Algebra/Pure Math

Polynomials

Probability

Trigonometry

Numbers

Geometry

Venn Diagram

Progressions

Mensuration

Miscellaneous

Permutation & Combination

Functions & Graphs

 

Data Interpretation

Data Sufficiency

Bar Charts

Scatter Plots

Table, etc.

The difficulty level of this section was moderate to tough.

 

XAT Syllabus - General Knowledge

 

This section is asked in Paper 2 and contains 25 questions. In this section, the questions from this section were divided into static GK and current affairs. Last year, the majority of the questions were from static GK followed by current affairs. The topics are as follows:

 

Static GK

History

Culture

National Capital

Currency

Books and authors

Films

Invention

Personalities

Science and Business, etc.

Geography

Important Dates

 

Current Affairs

Economics

Ecosystem & Diversity, etc.

Film & Television

 

Essay Writing: As far as the Essay Writing section is concerned, there is no specific XAT syllabus to prepare for. The topics are generally abstract in nature which candidates can relate to an event of recent significance instead of keeping the content generic.

 

The notification of XAT 2018 was released on August 14, 2017, along with the XAT important dates. The XAT 2018 application form was available from August 16, 2017. Applicants could download their XAT admit card 2018 from December 27, 2017, onwards. XAT 2018 was conducted on January 7 in 47 cities across India and two international cities. Around 90,000 candidates are expected to take the test for admission in 150 B-schools across India. For the first time, XAT was be conducted in computer based mode.

As the Writing Ability Test and the Essay Writing help the students to score well in IIMs and XLRI, this article will deal with the following avoidable errors which if attended by the students will certainly ensure good score in both CAT 2013 and XAT 2014.

1. Grammar, spelling, punctuation mistakes- These three are the foundation to your essay writing. Any mistake in their usage will not only change the meaning of your sentence but also have disastrous effect – look at the following sentences-

i) My wife, who lives in New York, has just written me a letter. (I have one devoted wife who has sent me a letter)   

ii) My wife who lives in New York has just written me a letter. (The one lives in New York, what about others). It is suggested to build strong fundamentals before writing any long piece of say, 200-300 words. Errors in use of articles, nouns, verbs, modifiers, conditionals make the paragraph clumsy while wrong use of vocabulary words, especially in confusing/similar sounding words like imminent in place of eminent, birth instead of berth etc. make your piece of writing a laughing stock. So be careful about it.

2. Irrelevant use of vocabulary- Vocabulary which is not required must not be used. It might unnecessarily stretch your message, may reflect wrong impression on the reader who incidentally is your examiner. This, instead of elevating your ranking may affect otherwise.

3. Repetition of ideas and sentences- How would you react if someone goes on saying or repeating the same idea in different sentences or in similar ones? A feeling of boredom and lack of interest would occur. Similarly, your reader will also not like such repetition. So avoid it since it conveys the message that you know very less on the given/chosen topic.

4. Writing beside the point (Not focussing the crux of the idea)- This a typical problem and happens when you have not practiced well. You have understood the topic and also have the ideas but don’t know how to start with? Please do not beat about the bush and give a few seconds to outline the thoughts prevailing in the vast arena of your mind. Organise them and then begin to write. Questions may have words like –Discuss, Describe, Analyse and Critically Examine – so take a directional tip – all these aspects are to be taken care of, while writing your essay.

5. Ambiguity of thought-All the paragraphs must have distinct and clear ideas. No confusion in your thought process as depicted in the essay should be present. One paragraph –one idea- must be the strategy, although all the paragraphs are supposed to be interlinked with continuity of thought.

6. Poor formation of sentences and paragraphs- To avoid this, practice more, emphasise on more and more writing. Sentences must be presentable so that your reader is tempted to go through the entire essay in one go. You might remember reading a very interesting novel, story, article etc. the reading of which you didn’t give-up despite the call of nature. Why? The writer was able to create that much of interest in you, with his/her writing skills. So take note of that.

7. Work with all the ideas together, better to take up each point one by one- Don’t mingle your ideas ending up with a poorly written essay. Get a flow of them as a string goes through the pearls. However, you can add humour, give relevant quotes with acknowledgements to emphasise your idea.

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8. Explain too much- This is a big problem. Sometimes we go on explaining an idea, a point etc. to more than desired length. This happens in cases when the reader is not sure of his writing skills or ability to explain. So avoid this practice.

9. Make the essay too lengthy or verbose. Be simple- You do not need to write fat vocabulary words, insert irrelevant figures of speech, proverbs. On the contrary, simple, well worded and concise sentences will have better effect on your reader. You could go for figurative language, use of idioms and use of quotations, if you can use them skilfully otherwise they may do more harm than good to the evaluation process.

10. Poor hand writing with cutting and cancellations- This is one of the most important aspects. You may be skilled in writing, you have good vocabulary and know how to use figurative, idiomatic language with quotations but if the handwriting is poor please note that your reader may not attentively read the essay or may not follow the message which you wish to convey in its true sense. Practice more. Purchase a note book of fairly large size; write down the essays on it – at least –one a day. Read it. Try to find out the mistakes like – punctuation; grammar; spelling errors in it. Find out how many cuttings and cancellations are there in one paragraph.  Next time when you write – minimise them. Gradually you will be equipped with fine writing skills with fewer mistakes or no mistakes.

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